Periodontology is a branch of dentistry that deals with diseases and treatment of bone and gum tissues surrounding teeth.
What treatments does the periodontology department perform?
Periodontology department is a set of procedures that start with tartar cleaning, which is the initial treatment, and includes advanced periodontal treatments such as curettage, flap operations and mucogingival surgeries, which we call aesthetic gingival operations, depending on the severity of the disease.
What is a Bacteria Plate?
Bacteria plaque is when the bacteria in the mouth multiply rapidly and form a sticky and translucent layer on the teeth when adequate dental hygiene cannot be provided. One milligram of plate contains around 200 to 500 million bacteria. Since the substance that allows bacteria to adhere to the tooth is not affected by water, bacteria cannot be removed from the tooth with water. As the acid contained in the bacterial plaque contacts the tooth, it damages the tooth and causes decay. The formation point of the bacterial plaque is usually at the gum level. Bacteria plaques also damage the gums in this way, causing problems such as bleeding and inflammation.
Bacteria plaques change and harden with saliva over time, turning into tartar. Brown or yellow tartar can only be cleaned by the dentist.
To prevent bacterial plaques, teeth should be brushed for a sufficient time after meals and before sleeping at night, and dental floss should be used. Gargling before going to sleep at night will also be beneficial.
How does the patient understand that he / she has a gum problem?
The first and most important symptom of gum disease is bleeding gums. In addition, it manifests itself with swelling and redness in the gums, itching and teasing sensation, regional or widespread recessions and sensitivity in the extracted areas. In more advanced cases, inflammation flow between the teeth and gums, pathological migration in the teeth, elongation and shaking can be observed. All these symptoms can be accompanied by bad smell and taste.
Is there a problem if the gums bleed while brushing teeth, should a doctor go?
Gingival bleeding while brushing teeth is the earliest and most important symptom of gum disease. It is absolutely necessary to go to a periodontist.
Can gum ailments be a harbinger of another disease?
Gum health is an important part of our overall health. As a result of many studies conducted today, it has been determined that there is an important relationship between diabetes and gum disease. Bleeding, edema and abscess development in the gums are observed in diabetes patients. Besides diabetes, important associations have been found between heart diseases and lung diseases and gum diseases. We can observe the first symptoms of some skin diseases such as leukoplakia and lichen planus in the form of widespread redness and plaques on the gums and cheek mucosa. In addition, widespread redness and bleeding in the form of typical erythema in the gums in the early period may be a symptom of some blood diseases such as leukemia.