In dentistry, the domain that deals with the detection, prevention and correction of jaw, tooth and skull bone disorders, distortions, i.e. anomalies, is called orthodontics.
Although it is generally known as the part where braces are attached, the treatment area is much wider. Orthognathic Surgery, performed in cooperation with surgeons, also plays an important role in orthodontics.
With orthodontic treatment, both functional recovery and self-confidence are provided in the social life of the person.
Causes of Orthodontic Disorders
- Genetic predisposition
- Traumas (such as crash, fall)
- Oral breathing
- Finger sucking
- Lip, tongue sucking
- Using bottles and pacifiers for a long time
- Congenital anomalies such as recumbent palate and cleft lip
- Trauma such as teeth grinding, falling or knocking
- Non-intervened tonsil and adenoid diseases
When To Get an Orthodontic Examination?
When orthodontic examination is done without delay, a much more efficient and effective treatment is provided. Therefore, examination and treatment is recommended for jaw problems before entering puberty (around 10 years old). Again, it is important in the examination around the age of 5 in terms of early detection and prevention of various developmental disorders. There is no age limit for orthodontic treatment (braces).
Orthodontic Treatment Types
Orthodontic treatment is examined in three main sections as preventive, preventive and fixed orthodontic treatment.
Preventive Orthodontic Treatment
Preventive orthodontic treatment detects orthodontic problems that may arise in the future, prevents their progress, and regulates development. If the deciduous teeth are lost early, problems occur in the eruption of the permanent teeth to replace, and dental disorders occur. With preventive orthodontic treatment, permanent teeth are properly removed by using placeholders that protect the place of early fallen milk teeth. Treatment of decayed teeth is also included in this treatment.
Preventive Orthodontic Treatment
Preventive orthodontic treatment is included in the treatment to prevent problems that may develop as a result of behaviors such as fingers, lips, tongue sucking, abnormal swallowing, and to ensure that permanent teeth are properly removed. Thus, facial, jaw and dental malpositions are prevented and eliminated. Treatment is carried out using mobile devices.
Fixed Orthodontic Treatment
Fixed orthodontic treatment is performed after permanent teeth are removed. It can take about 18-36 months. Brackets that can be attached and removed by the physician, not by the patient, and the wires passing between them are used. If the patient’s condition is suitable for the use of brackets that adhere to the inner surfaces of the teeth, they may not be visible from the outside.
Braces & Brackets
Different types of brackets are used according to the patient’s condition which can be listed as follows:
Metal brackets are the most used type. They are made of stainless steel. Their economic status is an advantage. The rubbers used to fasten the wire can be colored or colorless, according to preference.
It is especially preferred in terms of aesthetics. If the condition of the teeth is suitable, it is ensured that the braces are invisible by attaching to the back surfaces of the teeth.
They are transparent and solid brackets. Their aesthetics are advantageous, but they show the stain more.
They are aesthetic braces made of translucent material that are difficult to notice unless looked closely. They show the stain more.
Invisalign (Dental Wireless Orthodontic Treatment)
Invisalign treatment is a type of orthodontic treatment that does not use braces, in which transparent plaques prepared for the person are inserted into the tooth. Teeth move slowly. It is preferred in terms of aesthetics. During the treatment, it is removed for a maximum of one or two hours a day.
After the treatment with braces is completed, the teeth tend to return to their original positions. By preventing this, reinforcement treatment is applied to maintain the post-treatment position of the teeth. For this, fixed and invisible appliances affixed to the back of the teeth or removable appliances that the patient can put and remove are used. Reinforcement treatment usually continues for half of the actual orthodontic treatment process.
Things to Consider During Orthodontic Treatment
Orthodontic treatment (braces) is a process that requires patience and patient compliance. In this process, especially;
- Hard foods should be cut into small pieces instead of biting.
- Oral hygiene should be provided at an optimum level. Teeth should be brushed after each meal and the toothbrush should not be used for more than a month.
- Acid, sugary foods and hard nuts that will damage the brackets and wires should be avoided.
- Front teeth should not be used as much as possible while biting.
- Clenching or grinding teeth should be avoided during and after orthodontic treatment.
The treatment should be continued for the period and as recommended by the physician.