PURPOSE OF FILLING AND CONSERVATIVE DENTAL TREATMENT
It is the cleaning of dental caries and filling the formed cavity with an artificial filling material. Tooth decay is currently defined as a disease that occurs in dental tissues due to more than one cause.
Many systemic diseases also show important symptoms in the mouth. For example, gum disease progresses very quickly in diabetes. Also, frequent and numerous aphthae in the mouth may be the first symptoms of Behçet’s disease. For these reasons, a separate division of diagnosis and treatment planning of oral diseases had to be born and Oral Diagnosis and Radiology took on this task.
Tooth Decay Causes;
- Bacteria plate
- Carbohydrate foods (Sugar, flour etc.)
- Internal factors (structure of teeth, composition of saliva, etc.)
- Time (the duration of food in the mouth)
Bacteria plaque formed by bacteria in the mouth can form acid from the leftovers of sugary and floury foods. These acids dissolve the mineral tissue of the tooth and damage the enamel of the tooth, causing the formation of cavities, which we call cavities.
Dental caries can occur on the chewing surface of the tooth, on the contact surfaces of the teeth or in the neck areas of the teeth. It is easy to detect brownness or pitting that forms on visible surfaces. However, X-ray diagnosis is also required for caries that do not have these symptoms.
The decay that starts in the enamel tissue of the tooth progresses to the dentin tissue when it is not treated. Dentin is a structure that dissolves more easily than enamel and therefore caries progression is rapid. A patient with a tooth decay that has reached the dentin tissue may have a sensitivity to hot, cold, sour or sweetness as a result of an agent. This pain passes when the agent disappears.
If the pain becomes permanent, the decay has progressed to the pulp layer where the vascular-nerve package of the tooth is collected, and canal treatment is required for this.
It is a plastic mixture containing silicon dioxide particles. It is not noticeable on the teeth with various color options and is also called aesthetic-white filling. The material, which was used only for the front teeth for a period, has been strengthened with various methods and made suitable for the posterior teeth. Using a special binding agent, the filling material placed on the tooth is hardened with a light device and polished in the same session.
Measure is taken from the cavity prepared in porcelain fillings and sent to the laboratory. When the patient comes to the next session, the polished porcelain filling is adhered to the cavity.
It is formed by mixing silver, tin and copper alloy with 45-50% mercury. After filling the cavity cleaned of decay with amalgam filling material, it is recommended not to use that area for two hours and not to chew anything hard for 24 hours. The well-hardened filling is polished after 24 hours.