A dental implant is an artificial tooth root made of titanium, which is surgically placed into the jaw or skull bones to support dental prostheses or use as a fixed support in orthodontic treatments.
By virtue of the dental implant, better speaking, chewing function and a more aesthetic appearance are provided.
Who Can Have Dental Implants?
Dental implants give very good results, especially in patients who have lost their lower jaw teeth completely, those who have a prosthesis, who have lost their upper jaw teeth completely, those who have lost a part of their teeth in the lower or upper jaw, and those who have lost one tooth.
In order for the dental implant to be performed, the bone development must be completed, the jawbone must have the height and width to take the dental implant screw in the area where the dental implant is to be placed, the quality of the bone and the gums must be completely healthy.
In order to obtain the ideal bone and gingiva, pre-prosthetic applications such as sinus lift or gingival graft can sometimes be applied. Choosing the appropriate dental implant for the patient is a very important factor in the success of dental implant treatment. Before dental implant treatment, the general health of the patient should be considered. Especially in cases of uncontrolled diabetes, heart disease, blood coagulation disorder and high blood pressure, these diseases should be expected to be controlled before applying dental implants.
How Is Dental Implant Done?
Dental implant procedure can be done under general or local anesthesia according to the patient’s preference. After the dental implant is placed, it is expected to integrate with the bone (3-6 months), then a dental prosthesis is applied on it. A temporary prosthesis is used until the real prosthesis is attached. Prostheses can be removable by the patient himself or only by the physician according to the physician’s decision. The dental implant treatment process varies according to the patient’s condition. One or more surgeries may be required. Full recovery may take several months. Stopping alcohol and smoking before and after dental implant treatment speeds up recovery.
Post Dental Implant
After dental implant;
- The tampon placed in the area after the implant should be bitten for about 30 – 45 minutes.
- There may be mild pain after the operation, this can be relieved with simple painkillers.
- There may be slight bleeding in the first 2 days, this is natural. If there is heavy bleeding, pressure can be applied to the area for half an hour with a second sterile gas pad.
- There may be edema, or swelling, for 3 days after the operation. Meanwhile, ice can be applied from outside.
- Although there is bruising on the skin after implant procedure, it is temporary.
- In the first days, there may be difficulty in opening the mouth, this situation disappears in about a week.
- If there are stitches, it will be removed after 1 week.
- Do not eat or drink anything for 2 hours after the operation.
- After the process, ice can be applied from outside.
- Consumption of hot drinks or food should be avoided for 1 week following the implant.
- Soft and cold foods (such as ice cream, yoghurt, cold puree, pudding) should be taken for 24 hours following the implant.
- The first day after the operation should not be rinsed or gargled.
- During the first 24 hours you should not be spit hard. Since swallowing the saliva will be harmful, it should be removed then from the mouth with gentle movements.
- It should be rinsed with a mouthwash or salt water twice a day for 2 weeks starting 36 hours after the procedure. rinsing for about 1 minute. You should not eat or drink anything for the next half hour.
- In the first days after implant, brushing should be done with slow and soft movements, care should be taken when using dental floss.
- Smoking and alcohol should not be consumed for 1 month after the procedure.
- Food should be chewed with the non-implanted side for a while.
- The dentist should be consulted if conditions such as bleeding, pain, swelling, increase in bruising, longer than normal, or abscess formation occur.
Possible Post-Implant Complications
Postoperative complications are as follows;
*Inflammation in the bones and gums around the implant
*Very rarely dental implant rejection
*Tissue loss in the bone around the implant
*Failure of implant to bone
Does Dental Implant Cause Any Side Effects?
Dental implants do not cause any side effects, allergic reactions or cancer.
How Long Is A Dental Implant Life?
The life of the implanted dental implant depends on many factors. Being attentive and with good care, they can last for a lifetime. Oral care after dental implantation is taught to the patient by the physician. Generally, patients are recommended to have a 3-month periodic checkup.