GUM DISEASES AND DIABETES
In addition to bacteria and tartar, diabetes is one of the important causes of gum disease. Diabetes, a systemic disease, causes damage to small blood vessels and prevents tissues from getting enough blood and nourishment. Thus, the risk of infection, including oral infections, increases in patients. Again, the decrease in saliva in diabetes causes a decrease in the cleaning of the mouth and this causes the bacteria to multiply rapidly and form dental plaques. Presence of dental plaques causes diseases in teeth and gums.
PREVENTING TOOTH AND GUM DISEASES IN DIABETES
The points to be considered to prevent tooth and gum diseases in diabetes are as follows:
Diabetes must be controlled Oral hygiene should be at the highest level. Teeth should be brushed for at least 2 minutes after each meal.
- Brushing should be done in circular movements so that half of the toothbrush touches the teeth and half of the gums. Thus, the part that touches the gums will massage the gums and regulate the blood supply to the tissue.
- Brushing the top of the tongue should not be neglected.
- Dental floss must be used (at least once a day).
- Fluoride and chlorhexidine mouthwash should be used.
- You should get a dental prepaid every 6 months.
- If there is plaque or stone in the teeth, it should be removed.
- If there is a prosthetic tooth, special attention should be paid to their care.
- If a situation such as discoloration, bleeding or swelling is felt in the teeth and gums, it should be examined and the necessary precautions should be taken.
- Dry mouth should be prevented since the dry mouth in diabetes causes tooth and gum diseases. For this, water should be sipped frequently, alcohol, spicy and salty foods should be avoided.
- Smoking should not be allowed.
WHEN SHOULD DIABETES PATIENTS GO TO THE DENTIST
– Gum tenderness, redness, pain, swelling, hardening you feel
– When gums recession
– Tooth decays
– In the presence of tartar
– When the teeth swing or change position
– If the dentures do not fit properly
– In the presence of bad odor or bad taste in the mouth, they should not neglect to go to the dentist.
When Should Dental Treatment Be Started in Diabetes Patients?
If possible, dental treatment in diabetic patients should be started to the treatment of teeth and gums only when sugar control is well maintained. This is because there is a risk of bleeding and infection when blood sugar is high. The person should definitely tell the dentist that they have diabetes.
Drugs containing epinephrine should not be used for anesthesia in diabetic patients.