Dental Esthetics

Dental esthetics are made in order to bring the teeth, lips, gums into a proportionate shape with each other, to make the teeth and gums healthy, and also to repair the person’s smile.

Dental Esthetics Procedures:

  • Teeth Bleaching: The color of the teeth may get dark due to reasons such as foods (tea, coffee, cigarettes, etc.), aging, genetics. With teeth bleaching, the main color of the teeth is lightened by a few hues. It can be performed in two ways. In some cases, both methods can be used together. One of these is the method performed by the physician using special bleaching solutions and a special lighting device (laser or high beam source). It takes approximately 45 minutes to 1 hour. It is performed in one or several sessions depending on the situation. In the other method, special plaques are prepared for the person’s teeth. The patient performs the procedure by placing a bleach solution into these plates at home. It is applied for 4-6 hours a day. After both methods, tea, coffee, cola, cherry juice, red wine, etc. Smoking should be avoided beside colored drinks and foods (such as multi-tomato paste). Care should be taken in cleaning teeth. It should be kept in mind that the teeth are more prone to coloring during this period.
  • Composite filling (Tooth-colored filling): Since it is hardened by lighting, it is called as white filling because it is in the color of a tooth. Composite material is also called composite resin. It is a plastic mixture with silicon dioxide particles in it. After the teeth are cleaned, the special composite filling material is placed in the slot and hardened with a special prepared beam. These Porcelain laminate veneer teeth are thin porcelain teeth of 0.3-0.5 mm thickness that are affixed to the front surfaces of the teeth. Since they are very thin and completely made of porcelain, their light transmittance is very good and they look like natural teeth. They are preferred in many cases such as closing the gaps in the front teeth, tooth alignment disorders, weak, small teeth, tooth discoloration. First of all, the plaster tooth model is prepared in the desired form and tested on the teeth. After the final shape is decided, the prepared laminate ceramics are tried on the teeth, and they are adhered on the teeth with special adhesives.

Porcelain Crowns

They are applied to teeth that have been damaged for various reasons. They can be grouped in different ways as metal-supported, metal-supported and zirconium-supported. Generally, metal-supported porcelain crowns are used, but for additional aesthetic purposes, those without metal support are preferred. Crowns look like natural teeth and are attached to the root of the tooth.

  • Porcelain Bridges: Performed in a small number of teeth missing in the mouth. If there are healthy teeth on both sides of the missing area, these neighboring teeth are reduced and the interstitial spaces are filled with support with special crowns. There are different types such as metal-supported ceramic, metal-free ceramic, porcelain laminate.

    • Porcelain Inlay / Onlay Fillings: These are fillings performed to teeth that require large fillings or to teeth with root canal treatment. Since it is a porcelain material, there is no color over time. The procedure is completed in approximately 2 sessions.

    • Orthodontics – Braces: Braces are generally performed for children, in the treatment of dental irregularities and jaw disorders. Approximate period of use is 1-1.5 years. For adults distortion between teeth can only be treated in this way. Braces can be made of porcelain, metal, and composites. The most preferred one is metal. The braces are of two types as lingual braces that can be placed in the front of the teeth and attached to the back. After the braces are attached, there is a 3-10 day acclimation period. Although a little biting pain occurs in the teeth during this process, this is a temporary situation. It is important to pay attention to oral care during the treatment in order to prevent bruises that may occur when the wires are removed.

    • Gingival aesthetics (Gingivoplasty): The shape and position of the gum are also important in dental aesthetics. Gum aesthetics is the intervention made to the gums to eliminate situations like (gummy smile) where the gums are asymmetrical or are seen too much during smiling. Generally, the procedure can be performed with little cut in gums.

Lamina Porcelain (Leaf Porcelain)

The most important feature of lamina porcelain or leaf porcelain as it is popularly known is that the loss of strong tooth structure is very low. Teeth are not cut, only their front faces are thinned around 0.3 – 0.7 mm. Then, porcelain dental laminates are placed. They are especially used for misalignment of the teeth, filling the gaps in the front teeth, unwanted coloring-staining on the teeth, and bringing weak or small teeth to normal size. Leaf porcelains with extremely high light transmittance with very thin and completely porcelain structure gives a very aesthetic look because of their natural appearance. The plaster tooth model prepared in the desired form is tested on the teeth and the final form is decided. Then, lamina is tried on porcelain teeth and the process is terminated by adhering them on the teeth with special adhesives.

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